Sometimes symptoms are limited and will improve without specific treatment. Other times they may represent an anxiety disorder, such as panic disorder, and will require appropriate diagnosis and treatment in order to improve.
Panic disorder can be debilitating and have a major impact on your life. It can make you afraid of every-day situations like going to work; strain your relationships; and cause you to avoid things that might trigger symptoms. When you add this to FMS and ME/CFS, which are debilitating on their own, the problems can compound each other.
Even if your level of panic and anxiety symptoms doesn't meet criteria for a formal diagnosis, certain treatments and coping strategies may be beneficial to you. Therefore, it is important to discuss these symptoms with your doctor.
My About.com colleague Katharina Star, guide to panic disorders, is a licensed professional counselor who's trained in several complementary treatments. She also has personal experience with panic disorder and the problems it can cause in your life.
Below, I've compiled a selection of her articles that I think will be most helpful to people with FMS and ME/CFS.
The Basics of Panic Disorders
First, it's important to get an understanding of what a panic disorder is, how panic attacks differ from anxiety attacks and other basic information about panic disorder.
- What Is a Panic Disorder?
- Anxiety Attack vs. Panic Attack
- Fight or Flight Theory
- Diagnosing Panic Disorder
Symptoms of Panic Disorder
The primary symptoms of panic disorder are quite different from those of FMS and ME/CFS, so the conditions are generally easy to tell apart. Panic disorder can cause multiple physiological symptoms along with psychological ones.
The conditions do have some similar symptoms, however, including gastrointestinal problems. Also, some doctors say many of their patients with FMS and ME/CFS show signs of cognitive distortion and irrational beliefs. Learning about these symptoms may help you deal with multiple conditions.
- Physical Symptoms
- GI Symptoms
- Cognitive Distortions
- Irrational Beliefs
- Anticipatory Anxiety
Treating Panic Disorder
Most of the treatments for panic disorder are also utilized in FMS and ME/CFS, so they may do double duty for you. When deciding on treatments, be sure your doctor is aware of all your diagnoses so he/she can choose the best options for you.
You can do a lot on your own to manage the symptoms of panic disorder. The information and strategies below can guide you toward healthy ways to prevent panic attacks and how to get through them when they strike.
Panic Disorder and the People in Your Life
Coping with any illness is difficult, and it can be worse when it's mental illness. These articles on relationships and helping other people understand your condition may help you and the people in your life come to terms with your disorder.
These resources are just the tip of the iceberg. Katharina offers a wealth of information on all aspects of panic disorder. To keep learning, you can:
For more information on the neurotransmitters involved in FMS, ME/CFS and panic disorder, see my articles: