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Rheumatic Disease

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Updated May 31, 2012

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Definition:

A rheumatic disease is an illness that involves pain or inflammation in the muscles, joints or other tissues of your body. Many of these diseases are autoimmune in nature. Rheumatic diseases are generally treated by rheumatologists.

Fibromyalgia is classified as a rheumatic disease but there's considerable debate in the medical community about whether it should be considered rheumatic or neurological.

Some rheumatic diseases, including lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, may increase your risk of developing fibromyalgia.

Pronunciation: roo-MAT-ic
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