According to information published by Newswise, two recent studies on sleep shed light on what could link fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome to a higher risk of diabetes, and a third could make it easier for people with these conditions to have a quality sleep study.
Study #1: Sleepless Night = Insulin Resistance
A new study accepted for publication in the Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism suggests that a single night with inadequate sleep is enough to cause insulin resistance. This is the first study to link just one night of poor sleep to the problem, but others have shown a link between insulin resistance and several night of shortened sleep duration.
Insulin resistance happens when the body no longer uses insulin efficiently, so it takes more of the hormone to keep the body functioning. This is a key component of type 2 (adult-onset) diabetes.
People with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome typically don't sleep well and awaken feeling unrefreshed. That could be to blame, at least in part, for the higher incidence of diabetes in these conditions.
Study #2: Sleep Apnea & Insulin Resistance
In an unrelated study, researchers found that sleep apnea may increase insulin resistance as well. This information was presented recently at the American Thoracic Society's (ATS) International Conference in New Orleans.
Sleep apnea is a common comorbidity with fibromyalgia, and rates are rising in the general population along with obesity. This study underscores the need for proper treatment of sleep apnea as well as the need for proper diagnosis.
Study #3: At-Home Sleep Testing
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is often diagnosed during a sleep study, in which the patient must go to a sleep lab for the night. However, many people find this process to be extremely uncomfortable, and there can be a long wait time. It also makes follow-up evaluation difficult and costly.
New research showing that at-home tests are as good at diagnosing OSA also was presented at the ATS conference. In addition, it showed that people diagnosed this way were just as consistent in their use of a CPAP machine, which is the common treatment, as were those diagnosed at a lab.
This study did gather data on the costs of lab testing vs. home testing with a portable monitor, but those results have not yet been released.
Learn more or join the conversation!
- Readers Respond: Sleep Study Experiences
- Overcome Obstacles to Good Sleep With Fibromyalgia & Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Restless Legs Syndrome & Fibromyalgia
Photo © Angelo Cavalli/Getty Images